Common Symtoms 

What Causes Pimples & Acne and way out

pimple is a small pustule or papule. Pimples are small skin lesions or inflammations of the skin – they develop when sebaceous glands (oil glands) become clogged and infected, leading to swollen, red lesions filled with pus.


To control blemishes effectively, it’s important to understand how spots form and what causes it. The most important thing to remember about pimples is: It’s not your fault. Contrary to popular belief, zits are not caused by external factors such as what you eat, how often you wash your face or exercise.  They’re caused by a combination of physiological factors at work far beneath the skin’s surface that are beyond our control

Fast facts on pimples

Here are some key points about pimples. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.

  • Pimples are developed by the majority of teenagers and a significant number of adults.
  • Pimples can cause anxiety and embarrassment, particularly when situated on the face.
  • Prompt treatment of pimples often helps with overcoming their emotional and psychological effects.
  • People with regular breakouts of pimples are more likely to experience depression.
  • The risk of developing pimples is increased by a diet high in dairy products and high glycemic index foods.
  • To reduce the risk of pimples, it is recommended that people wash their faces about twice each day – not more often.
  • Popping (bursting) pimples can make the skin infection worse.
  • Over-the-counter (OTC) pimple treatments often contain active ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid and sulfur.
  • Prescription medication for pimples includes topical treatment,antibioticsand laser and light therapy.
  • Breakouts of pimples can be made worse by thestressand anxiety, makeup and greasy hair.

The Five Main Causes of Pimples

Each of these factors can vary dramatically between individuals and while you can’t control them, understanding these factors can help you find the most effective solution.

Hormones: For most blemish sufferers, skin problems start at puberty, when the body begins to produce hormones called androgens. These hormones cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge, which is a natural part of the body’s development. In blemish sufferers, however, the sebaceous glands are overstimulated by androgens, which can sometimes persist well into adulthood. Androgens are also responsible for flare-ups during the menstrual cycle and, for some people during pregnancy.

Extra sebum: When the sebaceous gland is stimulated by androgens, it produces extra sebum (oil). As the sebum makes its way up the follicle towards the skin’s surface, it mixes with common skin bacteria and dead skin cells that have been shed from the lining of the follicle. While this process is normal, the presence of extra sebum in the follicle increases the chances of clogging which can cause pimples.

Follicle fallout: Dead skin cells within the follicle usually shed gradually and are dislodged onto the skin’s surface. In people with overactive sebaceous glands — (including almost everyone during puberty) — these cells are shed more rapidly. When this happens, the dead skin cells mix with the excess sebum and form a plug in the follicle, preventing the skin from finishing its natural process of renewal.

Bacteria: The bacteria exists in all skin types; it’s part of the skin’s natural sebum maintenance system. Once a follicle is plugged, however, acne bacteria multiply rapidly, creating the chemical reaction that results in inflammation in the follicle and surrounding skin.

Inflammation: When your body comes in contact with unwanted bacteria, it sends an army of white blood cells to attack the intruders. This process is called chemotaxis; or, the inflammatory response. This response is what makes pimples red, swollen and painful. The inflammatory response is different for everyone.

Self Help:

Washing your face: Wash your face about twice each day – not more often. Make sure you have a mild soap. Use warm water. Wash gently; do not scrub the skin. Experts advise the use of an OTC lotion which contains benzoyl peroxide.

Do not pop (burst) the pimple: There is a risk you may push the infection further down, causing more serious blockage and worse swelling and redness. Popping pimples also increases the risk of scarring.

If you need to get rid of the pimple: If you have an important event, such as a public-speaking engagement or wedding and it is important to get rid of a sightly pimple, get a specialist to treat it for you.

Touching your face: Even though this may require some willpower, try to refrain from touching your face with your hands. If you are using a telephone, do not let receiver touch the skin of your face – it may have skin residue or sebum on it. Before touching your face make sure you always wash your hands with soap.

Hand hygiene: Keep your hands and nails as clean as you can by washing them regularly with soap. Keep your nails short.

Glasses (spectacles): Glasses collect sebum and skin residue; clean them regularly.

Loose clothing: If the pimples are on parts of your body covered by clothing, such as your back, shoulders or chest, wear loose clothing. Whenever possible, avoid wearing headbands, caps and scarves – if you have to wear them, wash them regularly. In short – allow your skin to breathe.

Makeup: Make sure you have taken all your makeup off when you go to sleep. Only use makeup that is nonceomedogenic or nonacnegenic – you should be able to read this on the label.

Hair Sebum: and skin collects in hair. Keep your hair clean. Try to keep your hair away from your face.

Sun exposure: Overexposure to sunlight may sometimes result in the production of more sebum. Some medications used by people with acne may make your skin more prone to sunburn.

Shaving your face: Be careful when you shave. Either use safety razors (make sure blade is sharp) or an electric shaver. Before shaving, soften the skin with warm, soapy water before applying the shaving cream – the skin is softer straight after a warm shower.


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